The word bidat is used often. People will say that some actions are bidat and others will argue the point. But do we really understand what bidat means? In this article we will learn some basic concepts about bidat.
Sin is something we understand. To disobey the command of ALLAH in our actions.
Eg. Consuming intoxicants
Ibaadat is to do good that will earn us reward. One type is obligatory (if left out it will be a sin) and one type is optional (if done we will be rewarded if not done there is no harm).
Eg. Five Salah (obligatory) and reciting darood shareef (optional)
Permissible acts (mubah) are mundane tasks that is not a sin nor is it Ibaadat.
Eg. Driving a car or sleeping on a bed.
Bidat has a few basic forms.
1. To make optional Ibaadat waajib. Eg. To say that to make darood shareef or to make a khatm of QURAAN on a specific day or time is a must. Notwithstanding that these are great acts of Ibaadat, the extra conditions makes it bidat and thus sinful.
2. To do an act of Ibaadat in a specific way as a must but without bases in sharia. Eg. To recite darood shareef is a great act of Ibaadat that can be done at any time, while standing, sitting or lying down. To make the formality that it must be done in a standing position or on specific days is bidat and thus sinful.
3. To raise the status of any Ibaadat to higher than it is. Eg. Darood shareef is optional but to say that it is fard is bidat. Studying a syllabus at a darul uloom is permissible and rewarding but to say that a specific syllabus must be used and no other can be is bidat.
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Bidat is one of the most dangerous sins as one will never ask forgiveness for the sin as one believes that what one is doing is correct and an Ibaadat. In fact we will ask ALLAH to accept the action and reward us. This is akin to asking ALLAH to reward us for consuming alcohol.

This is the Haq in this matter whether we choose to accept it or not.